When we talk about diabetes mellitus, we are talking about a condition characterized by continuous recurrences of elevated blood glucose levels. Another name for elevated blood glucose levels is hyperglycemia. Some people use the name diabetes. There are those who think that you can develop diabetes mellitus if you eat too much sugar, but that is not the case. Around 180 million people worldwide have diabetes mellitus. In the Netherlands, approximately 800,000 Dutch people are estimated to have this condition. However, there are also about 250,000 people who have this condition without knowing it. There are two types of diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2. You can experience this at all ages.
Symptoms of diabetes mellitus
When it comes to type 2 diabetes mellitus, many people do not experience any symptoms. People with diabetes mellitus may experience frequent urination and drinking. These are the symptoms they get, when there is a high or very high blood glucose level (of more than 13 mmol/l). If glucose levels are too high then, on average, people are more likely to suffer from white discharge, boils or a bladder infection. People suffering from diabetes mellitus are more likely to have wounds that do not heal or that heal poorly. This is because the nerves do not work properly. In addition, they also have difficulty noticing a wound. You may also experience red or burning eyes. People may have blurred vision or inflammation of the eyes. In addition, they may be tired or very sleepy. It can also lead to impotence, dry mouth and dry tongue.
Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus
The ideal blood glucose level should average between 4 and 8 mmol/liter (depending on conditions). A fasting value is between 4 and 5.6 mmol/l. If a person is fasting and this person is untreated and the values are above 6 mmol/l and “not fasting” above 11.0 mmol/l, then it is called diabetes mellitus.
Complications of diabetes mellitus
Complications can occur with diabetes mellitus, mainly in the longer term. Greatly accelerated atherosclerosis may occur in the larger arteries. People suffering from diabetes mellitus also have a greater risk of cardiovascular disease. In addition, the sensory nerves also begin to function more poorly. After a few years, numbness may occur in the feet and in the hands. These may then start to tingle or cause tingling. People experience it as very unpleasant when they experience this, but they can’t get rid of it. It is therefore important that diabetes mellitus is recognized in time so that they can do something about it. In principle, diabetes mellitus is quite manageable, as long as one gets to it in time and starts taking medication just in time. Strict adherence to the rules is essential in diabetes mellitus.