Diabetes is a chronic disease. It is a condition in which your body is no longer able to balance blood sugar on its own. Normally, the sugar is broken down into glucose in your body. This glucose will be absorbed into the blood and will serve as “fuel”. Insulin helps in this process. Insulin is made by the pancreas. When your pancreas is healthy, it will regulate the amount of insulin based on the level of glucose present in your body. When you have diabetes, this process will be disrupted. As a result, your blood sugar will become too high. People with diabetes do not make insulin themselves or the body no longer reacts to it. That depends on the type of diabetes you have. People who have type 1 diabetes are unable to make insulin. With type 2, the body will not respond to insulin.
Symptoms of diabetes
When you have diabetes, a number of symptoms will come to light. For example, you will have to urinate a lot when you have too much glucose in your body. You may also be dealing with thirst that seems unquenchable. Weight loss is also a symptom of diabetes and is often noticeable in type 1. The pancreas will then stop making insulin. The body then starts looking for a source of energy, as the cells are no longer receiving glucose. Another symptom of diabetes is the feeling of fatigue. The cells cannot take in glucose, so you will feel tired and weak. Tingling in the hands, feet and legs is also common with diabetes. More problems that may occur are eye problems, shortness of breath, poorly healing wounds, dry skin or constant thirst.
Dealing with diabetes
When you have diabetes, you need to check yourself often. You need to be careful with these checks and by doing so you can ensure that the symptoms of diabetes are reduced. It is important to measure your glucose level regularly. This way you can see hypers coming and eventually prevent them. If you often suffer from a hyper, it is wise to consult with a doctor. A physician can then determine treatment. In addition, a doctor will also need to examine you regularly. He or she will then examine your feet, weight and blood pressure. Also, a doctor will examine your kidneys, blood fats and your eyes annually. In this way, the status of the diabetes can be closely monitored. In addition to all this, you will need to live a healthy life and an extra exercise won’t hurt either. Wanneer je een gezonde levensstijl handhaaft, kun je prima leven met diabetes.